Airbus' flying training manager David Owens said that pilots will not be allowed to switch on the automatic systems until they have learned how to fly the aeroplane.
Although Owens didn't spell it out, it seems Airbus is beginning to learn that never letting the pilots treat the aeroplane like a flying machine means they never find out what it can do. And more importantly, what it can't.
Loss of control has, in the last 20 years, become a killer phenomenon.
2) Oral feedback is the second option (and less favorable to the first)
3) Third and last is the visual cue, because it expects somebody to actually look in a particular direction in order to be detected...
Boeing 787 control column and Airbus A320 sidestick
A related factor is that a pilot whose job is merely to watch the aircraft fly itself is unlikely to be as well motivated as one who can get his or her hands on the controls now and then. Designers of future aircraft and airline managers must address the issue of how much and under what conditions pilots should be allowed, or indeed encouraged, to fly manually and without guidance systems. It is likely that compared to a mere aircraft monitor, a skilled, motivated pilot will always make a greater overall contribution to flight safety.